Golden Rice, a genetically engineered (GE) rice, is being promoted by agri-corporations and the International Rice Research Institute as a cure for Vitamin A deficiency (VAD). This paper debunks that myth by taking a close look at the real causes of and solutions to combat VAD, the actual ‘performance’ of Golden Rice, and the serious risks this GE rice poses to human and environmental well-being. It brings to light the questionable motives underlying the hype around Golden Rice. The original version of this fact sheet was released in 2007, written by Dr. Charito Medina of MASIPAG, Philippines. Due to further developments in and promotion of Golden Rice since then, we have updated the paper with some new information in this second edition.