Rice Information Materials: Reports and Studies
Climate Change Perceptions and Adaptation Practices by Rice-Growing Communities in Tamil Nadu, India
India is one of the more vulnerable and risk-prone countries in the world. Over the centuries, its population has learned to cope with a wide range of natural and human-made hazards. Rapid population growth, high densities, poverty and high differentials in access to housing, public services and infrastructure have led to an increase in vulnerability over the last few decades.
The Himalaya rests like a crest on the head of the Indian subcontinent, spanning an arc over 2,600 km across the width of northern India, including Pakistan, Tibet and Nepal. It forms the earth's highest mountain region, containing nine of the ten highest peaks in the world. The Himalaya ranges 320-400 km. in width; lengthwise it forms three parallel zones: the Great Himalaya, the Middle Himalaya (also known as the Inner or Lesser Himalayas), and the Sub-Himalaya.
Documentation of Climate Change Impacts, Community Perceptions and Adaptation Practices by Rice-growing Communities in Indonesia
This study was conducted by Gita Pertiwi with communities of rice farmers in Selopuro, Batuwarno District (dry land), and Setrorejo, Baturetno District (wet land), Wonogiri, about 32 km from the city of Solo, Central Java, Indonesia. The increasing incidence of harvest failures and decreasing rice yields was the main motivation for the conduct of the study. Rice is central to the livelihoods of village farmers.
Documentation of Climate Change Impacts, Community Perceptions, and Adpatation Practices in a Rice Farming Community in Nepal
Rice is the life of Asia and South Asia is the granary of Asia. Unfortunately, with more than 22% of the world’s population, the South Asian region holds 40% of the worlds' poor, earning less than a $1.25 per day. Nepal is one among the rice dependent South Asian countries where more than 66% of the population is primarily engaged in farming; 90% are small farm holders and landless peasants. Rice is the main crop and the source of food for all Nepalese.
Documentation of Climate Change Impacts and Adpatation Measures of Small Farmers in Central Visayas, Philippines
The Philippines is highly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change due to its geographical location and its reliance on climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture and water resources. Central Visayas is among the regions at risk to the projected and growing impacts of climate change. The provinces in the region are important in the country.s food security efforts since they make a significant contribution to the country.s total rice production.
Documentation of Climate Change Impacts and Adpatation Measures of Small Rice Farmers in Punjab Province, Pakistan
Climate is one of the main determinants of agricultural production. Throughout the world, there is significant concern about the effects of climate change and its variability on agricultural production. Researchers and administrators are concerned with the potential damages and benefits that may arise in the future from climate change impacts on agriculture, since these will affect domestic and international policies, trading patterns, resource use, and food security.
Documentation of Climate Change Impacts, Community Perceptions and Adaptation Practices of Rice Farmers in the Province of Pangasinan, Philippines
In the Philippines, the Climate Change Act (Republic Act 9729) was passed into law on October 23, 2009. It was passed at an opportune time as in the previous month the country was hit by a strong typhoon which claimed more than a thousand lives and destroyed property, agricultural crops and livelihoods worth millions of pesos. This was followed by the Pepeng typhoon which created almost the same level of destruction to lives and property. The Climate Change Act, considered to be the first in Asia, mandated the creation of a Commission to:
The Impact of Drought and Adaptation Practices of Rice-growing Communities in Uva Province, Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka is an island country having a total land area of 65,610 km2 and net land area of 62,705 km2 when inland water body areas are excluded. The total population was estimated at 19.70 million in 2005 with a density of 314 persons /km2 and with population growth of 1.1 %. The Human Development Index in 2004 was 0.255 with life expectancy of 74 years and literacy rate of 90%. The total labour force is about 48% of the population, of which 30% are employed in agriculture. In the late 1970s Sri Lanka began the transformation to a market economy based on liberalized trade or open economy.
This is the second research report on rice farmers and climate change in Nepal conducted by the All Nepal Peasants' Federation (ANPFa). A previous study focused on climate change impacts and adaptation practices among rice farmers in Nepal.s Kathmandu District. The study found that rice farmers were experiencing a variety of climate related hazards including scarcity of water, floods, drought, temperature increases, new pest infestations, decreases in humidity, loss of soil fertility and loss of biodiversity.
Building Adaptive Capacities of Farmers in Response to Climate Change: Case Studies from Punjab Province, Pakistan
Climate is one of the major factors underlying the well-being of the people of the world. Global climate has been changing due to natural forces as well as anthropogenic activities, especially greenhouse gas emissions and land use changes in recent decades. Climatic factors such as temperature, rainfall, atmospheric carbon dioxide, solar radiation, etc are closely linked to agriculture production which is always vulnerable to unfavorable weather events and climatic conditions. Despite technological advances, weather and climate play a significant role in agricultural productivity.